Nathan Connolly and Shani Mott filed suit against 20/20 Valuations LLC, its owner Shane Lanham and loanDepot.com on Monday, alleging that defendants 20/20 Valuations LLC and its owner “discriminated against plaintiffs by significantly undervaluing their home in an appraisal because of the applicants’ race and the location of their home next to a black census block, despite it also being located in Homeland, a predominantly affluent neighborhood white,” and loanDepot.com discriminated against them based on that assessment to deny their refinance loan.
According to the complaint, Connolly and Mott are black professors at Johns Hopkins University who asked loanDepot.com to refinance the mortgage on their four-bedroom home in Homeland, Md., a predominantly white neighborhood in Baltimore.
Lanham’s company, 20/20 Valuations, performed loanDepot’s valuation and returned a valuation more than $75,000 lower than the conservative valuation estimate loanDepot had given the couple, according to the lawsuit. LoanDepot denied the couple the mortgage refinance due to the low valuation, according to the complaint.
“The complainants were shocked by the rating and agreed that the low rating was due to racial discrimination. They told their loan officer at LoanDepot and disputed the rating in a detailed letter,” the report says. court case.
Gabriel Diaz, an attorney for the couple, told CNN the lawsuit represents the perspective of his clients.
Connolly and Mott then reapplyed with another lender and “whitewashed” their home, according to the lawsuit. This involved removing photos of their black family from the home and asking a white colleague to present the property to the appraiser. The lawsuit says that valuation came in at $750,000, more than a quarter of a million dollars more than 20/20 Valuations’ valuation of $472,000.
According to the lawsuit, Lanham allegedly used a valuation method in which he compared the couple’s home to properties in a local majority-black area, instead of the rest of Homeland.
“Defendant Lanham’s decision to geographically limit the area from which he selected comparable sales reflected his belief that because of their race, Dr. Connolly and Dr. Mott did not belong to Homeland, a neighborhood attractive and predominantly white, and that a home with black homeowners located next to a predominantly black area is worth less than if they were in the whiter areas he considered “the heart” of Homeland” , alleges the lawsuit.
CNN has reached out to Lanham for comment.
Jonathan Fine, vice president of public relations at loanDepot, told CNN the company “strongly” opposes housing discrimination.
“While valuations are carried out independently by outside expert firms, all participants in the real estate finance process should work to find ways to help eradicate bias,” Fine said.
The couple allege Lanham’s “significantly lower valuation reflected his belief that a black family did not truly belong in the homeland and could not own a more valuable home.”
“Lanham violated professional standards to devalue plaintiffs’ home because of these racist beliefs. Defendant LoanDepot relied on Lanham’s assessment despite being told he was infected with discrimination and ceased to answer or return plaintiffs’ appeals once they challenged the assessment on this basis,” the lawsuit said. States.
The couple seek damages from Lanham, 20/20 Valuations LLC and loanDepot for violations of the Fair Housing Act, Equal Credit Opportunity Act, Civil Rights Act of 1866 and Maryland’s fair housing laws, according to the complaint.
The couple’s lawsuit is the latest example of the hardship and discrimination some black homeowners say they face.
Last year, a black California couple filed a lawsuit in federal court in San Francisco, arguing that racial discrimination played a role in the low valuation of their home.
Home appraisals fall under fair housing and fair lending laws. More than 50 years after the passage of the Fair Housing Act, the racial gap in home ownership is wider than ever. In 2021, for example, the homeownership rate for blacks was 44% while the homeownership rate for whites reached 74% according to the Census Bureau.
“The purpose of the trial is to obtain a measure of justice for [Connolly and Mott] and what they’ve been through in the form of monetary compensation, but I think there’s also the issue of education,” Diaz told CNN.
“I think this is an issue that is not well understood, not widely understood. I hope the case will allow people to understand and appreciate and also change the anger so that this does not happen to people in the future,” Diaz said.
Anna Bahney of CNN Business contributed to this report.