Le Nouvelliste |  Sanctions against gangs, their sponsors and sending in a military force not linked to the UN, proposes the USA

Le Nouvelliste | Sanctions against gangs, their sponsors and sending in a military force not linked to the UN, proposes the USA

Advertisements

The US Ambassador to the UN, Linda Thomas-Greenfield, mentioned two proposals on which her country and Mexico are working, one of which, alongside sanctions against gangs and their sponsors, would authorize the sending to Haiti of a non-UN military force, during the meeting on the situation in this country in the grip of chaos, Monday, October 17, 2022.


“The second resolution we are working on would authorize an international security assistance mission, not linked to the United Nations, in order to improve the security situation and allow the delivery of the humanitarian aid which the country has desperately needed,” said the US ambassador to the UN.


“This reflects one of the options the Secretary-General has recommended the Security Council consider. It is also a direct response to the request for international assistance made by Prime Minister Henry and the Haitian Council of Ministers to help restore security and alleviate the humanitarian crisis. And we also consulted widely with other stakeholders in Haiti, including civil society and the private sector,” explained Linda Thomas-Greenfield who gave further details.


“This resolution will propose a non-UN, limited and carefully scaled mission, led by a partner country with the deep and necessary experience for such an effort to be effective. At the United Nations and within the United States government, we will work with our partners and fellow Council members to define the specific parameters of the mission, and the United States will explore the most effective ways to support it directly, empower and fund it,” the diplomat said, stressing that “this international security assistance mission, which does not belong to the UN, would operate under Chapter VII of the United Nations Charter.”


“It would facilitate international support for the Haitian National Police, as well as the Coast Guard. By helping to improve the security situation on the ground, the delivery of desperately needed aid could reach those in need and respond to the ongoing cholera crisis. Ultimately, such a mission will depend on the support of UN member states, and this draft resolution explicitly calls for contributions of personnel, equipment and other resources.”


Specter you veto


“Now is the time for this Council – and for the world – to step up. To be clear, we are acutely aware of the history of international intervention in Haiti and in particular the concerns regarding the Council’s authorization of a response that could lead to an indefinite peacekeeping role.” , said Linda Thomas-Greenfield.


“The Security Council and the international community must see their role differently from what they have done in the past. We must look for another way, a way that can better respond to the humanitarian and security crisis in Haiti and that is able to respond directly to the needs of the Haitian people,” said the American diplomat.


China’s apprehensions


Chinese Deputy Ambassador Geng Shuang wondered whether a foreign force would be welcomed by the Haitian people or would face resistance from opposition groups, The Guardian reported. “At a time when the Haitian government lacks legitimacy and is unable to govern, will the dispatch of such a rapid action force to Haiti receive the understanding, support and cooperation of the parties involved, or will it face resistance or even trigger a violent confrontation from the population?” Mr. Geng asked.


Dmitriy Polyanskiy, Russia’s deputy permanent representative, also expressed concern that a foreign force would encounter popular resistance. “Many opposition groups are calling for not allowing foreign intervention and they rightly refer to an experience, to put it mildly, not very successful in foreign interference in the affairs of the country,” Mr. Polyanskiy said.


Richard Gowan, UN director for the international crisis group, said any force sent to Haiti would most likely consist of a significant number of American troops, with some Canadian participation. “At the end of the day, if the government of Haiti asks for it, if Mexico and Brazil say they want it, China can hardly oppose it,” Gowan said, quoted by The Guardian. . “The Russians might veto to embarrass the United States, but if Washington wants to send a small force, that’s what it will eventually do. So Russia would probably just lose face using his veto on a matter like this.”


Barbecue, target # 1 of sanctions


“The first resolution would impose financial sanctions on the criminal actors who inflict so much suffering on the Haitian people. It’s time to hold them accountable for their actions. It would target those responsible for gang violence, arms trafficking, attacks on UN personnel, kidnappings of innocent citizens, human rights violations and sexual and gender-based violence. And he would go after people who block Haiti’s ports and the delivery of humanitarian aid to the Haitian people. The UN sanctions regime aims to prevent these criminal actors from gaining access to reputable financial institutions. It aims to freeze their assets and ban their international travel,” said US Ambassador to the UN Linda Thomas-Greenfiels.


“Furthermore, the arms embargo provisions would prevent the direct or indirect supply, sale or transfer of arms to criminal gangs and their leaders, as designated by the Council. The draft resolution specifically mentions Jimmy Cherizier – also known as “Barbeque” – as subject to these sanctions, the American diplomat informed. He is directly responsible for the devastating fuel shortage that is crippling the country. By passing this resolution, we would be taking concrete steps to hold him and so many other violent criminals to account,” added Linda Thomas-Greenfield.


“The United States proactively targets bad actors. Our new visa restriction policies target current or former Haitian government officials and others suspected of being linked to street gangs and other criminal organizations. There must be consequences for those who support the facilitation of illicit arms or narcotics trafficking,” said the head of the US mission to the UN.


“But a problem of this magnitude cannot be solved by a single country or even by a handful of partners in the region. It requires a concerted international response. It requires strong international cooperation. And it requires urgent action by this Council. It is not enough to express our concerns or to condemn the violence. As provided for in the Charter, we must mobilize the resources and the power of this Council and of the United Nations as a whole. That is why the United States and Mexico have worked closely together to draft two new resolutions – resolutions that we hope will see unanimous support from the Council,” she said.


Alphonse Robertson


With The Guardian



Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *